World Environment Day

“You save me, I save you.” – Mother Earth to her children.

Every year on the 5th of June, the world celebrates the Environment. When an attempt made by love fails, harsh ways are used to give the warnings. No wonder why humans are facing the wrath of Earth. But every warning teaches us to be smart and protect ourselves by protecting our Mother (Earth). This brings us to the recent attempt on making nature a little bit better i.e. WED (World Environment Day).

WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY 

5th June is celebrated as World Environment Day every year with a different theme. It was launched by the United Nations General Assembly in 1972 and was first observed in the USA in 1974. It is celebrated since then at global level and an attempt is made to cope up with pollution levels and climate change.

The main motive is to make the public aware about the deteriorating condition of the environment and how one can save it. Every

Year a different theme is set to restore the environment and this year it is ‘ECOSYSTEM RESTORATION’, this mission focuses on reviving billions of hectares from forests to farmlands and from high peak mountains to depth of the oceans. Pakistan is the global host country this year and India is focused on ‘promotion of biofuel for a better environment’.

Understanding biofuel

  • The fuel that is produced by contemporary processes from biomass is called biofuel. Biofuels have the potential to reduce some undesirable aspects of fossil fuel production and use, including conventional and greenhouse gas (GHG) pollutant emissions, exhaustible resource depletion, and dependence on unstable foreign suppliers.

India’s initiative to  achieve its goal

  • An E-100 pilot project has been launched in Pune for the production and distribution of ethanol across the country.
  • The government is releasing the E-20 notification that will allow oil companies to sell 20% ethanol blended petrol from 1st April, 2023, and BIS specifications for ethanol blends E12 and E15.

Different programmes:

The National Afforestation Programme (NAP):

NAP focuses on the rehabilitation of degraded forests and afforestation.

The National Mission for a Green India (GIM):

GIM under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) aims at improving and increasing tree cover as a climate adaptation and mitigation strategy.

The National Biodiversity Action Plan:

It focuses on reducing the rates of fragmentation and loss of natural habitats. 

Rural Livelihood Schemes:

Recognition of natural resources intrinsically linked to rural livelihoods is also reflected in flagship schemes like the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) and the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM).

  • Provisions for livelihoods in afforestation, tree plantation, horticulture, and construction of new ponds have been made through MGNREGA who’s potential for restoration lies in plantation and rejuvenation.
  • Similarly, schemes under NRLM, bifurcated into farm and non-farm livelihoods, focus on interventions to enhance natural capital and present opportunities for ecosystem restoration.

Only a day?

If the environment needs our attention why does it have to be celebrated only on 1 day? What about the other period of time?

These questions often pop up but one should know that on this particular day different aims are set and the whole world tends to follow it throughout the year. Not only on this day but for the whole year various activities take place at global level in which people take the initiative and follow the steps of leaders to make it right for the environment and succeed to save their life and comfort their survival. 

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